The orthodontist is involved right from the day of birth in providing a feeding plate or the NAM appliance.

Preventive orthodontics using the chin cap and myofunctional therapy is used during the mixed dentition stage to control excessive growth of the lower jaw and also exploit the growth potential of the upper jaw to its fullest.

Formal orthodontics is begun only after bone grafting and the eruption of permanent teeth, usually around the age of 13 years.

Today , newer techniques have allowed us to , in selective cases, do formal jaw surgeries, to be followed by rapid post surgical orthodontics to good effect.