The word Craniofacial is derived from the word cranio, referring to the skull or cranium, and facial, referring to the face. Anomaly is the medical term meaning ‘irregularity’ or ‘different from normal’.

Cause: Predominantly genetic when it is called syndromic.

Otherwise associated with malnutrition, illness during pregnancy, consanguineous marriages, etc.


For a complex deformity, what you need is time-tested competence.

INGA Health Foundation’s ability to focus on treating the most complex cranial and facial deformities has been drawn from its Medical Advisory Board.

Its Board members possess almost 60 years of aggregate complex surgical experience in this niche.

With a track record of having successfully addressed more than 11,000 major and minor craniofacial procedures, the largest in India.

The technical nucleus at INGA Health Foundation is Prof Dr Krishna Shama Rao, who has been specialising in the craniofacial surgical niche since 1991. He is credited with establishing the first dedicated Smile Train Cleft Centre in Mangalore.

Through INGA Health Foundation, starting 2007, he helped establish 11 centres across India in collaboration with the German Cleft Children’s Aid Society.

Dr. Rao has been credited having with having individually performed more than 20,000 such surgeries in India and abroad.

Besides, he has helped train more than 100 professionals in this area, virtually transforming an individual skill into a national movement.